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學術研究

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TitlePost-Verbal Markers in Taiwanese Southern Min and Fuzhounese
作者Szu-I Sylvia Yu
作者說明Hsuan Chuang University
Abstract
This paper deals with the post-verbal markers in two Min dialects— TIT-construction in Taiwanese Southern Min (TSM) and LI-construction in Fuzhounese. The objective is to see if these markers have modal meanings, like de (得) in Mandarin Chinese (e.g., gan-DE-shang 趕得上, ‘to be match for’). The verb e7/e53 (會, ‘can’) and TIT8 / LI24serves as circumfixes of verbs, and the output construction [e7/e53 + Verb + TIT8/LI24] indicates potentiality (or possibility). After undergoing lexicalization, [e7/e53 + Verb + TIT8/LI24] turns into an integral (a unity) and can be followed by other predicates. The constructional meaning is interpreted as either permission or potentiality. The combination of e7/e53 (‘can’) and TIT8/LI24 can also be an infix-like element which tails after the main verb and directs to complements. There is no real post-verbal modal word in TSM and Fuzhounese. In order to convey modality (potentiality), it is necessary to attach e7/e53 (‘can’) or its negative counterpart be7/me53 (‘cannot’) in front of the main predicate and to attach TIT8/LI24 after the main predicate.
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